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PANIC DISORDERS

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WHAT’S HAPPENING?

Suddenly you are terrified. Deep down in-the-bones terrified.

You’re shaking. You can’t breathe. Your heart is racing. Oh god – are you having a heart attack?

No, you’re not actually in any danger or dying. You are ‘just’ having a panic attack; a sudden episode of extreme fear that sets off an intense physical reaction.

Panic attacks in the menopause can be very frightening. People say it can also make you feel like you’ve lost control or you’re going crazy.

But it’s neither of those things. It’s not you – it’s your changing or imbalanced hormones that are to blame.

Oestrogen and progesterone usually work together to regulate mood. As these hormones drop off in midlife women are more at risk of developing anxiety, and if this is overwhelming or left untreated it can ramp up into panic attacks.

These scary episodes can be over in seconds or last for up to 40 minutes. Menopausal hot flushes may also bring on panic attacks, as women can worry and feel self- conscious about sweating in public.

Big lifestyle shifts like children leaving home or parents becoming older can also be distressing at this stage of life and bring on an episode.

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FOR YOU
FOR OTHERS

TOP TIPS FOR YOU

One of the worst things about menopause panic attacks is the fear that you’ll have another one. Set yourself free from this vicious cycle by following these hints and tips.

CUT BACK ON COFFEE

Coffee and all beverages rammed with caffeine like energy drinks and sodas will stimulate activity in your brain. This is not helpful if you’re prone to panic attacks.

Swap your soft drinks to caffeine-free alternatives like squash, herbal teas and good old water. While you’re at it, consider cutting down or eliminating alcohol from your day as this winds up your brain cells too.

Whatever you decide to drink, stay well hydrated. Getting a dry mouth may feel like the start of a panic attack, and then trigger a real one.

SORT OUT YOUR SLEEP ROUTINE

If you’re having difficulty sleeping or suffering from night sweats, like many women in the menopause, then you may be more likely to feel anxious and get panic attacks. This can then become a vicious circle.

Look at what you do leading up to bedtime. Do you give yourself breathing space after work and before your head hits the pillow? Do you put your phone away a couple of hours before you head upstairs? (Avoid screens before shuteye as they pump out blue light and trick your brain into thinking it’s daytime.)

You can also set yourself up for quality sleep by not eating too much too late or having a warm bath – the drop in body temperature when you get out will help you snooze. Find out what helps you to relax in the evening, and keep doing it.

TRY A NATURAL REMEDY

Many menopausal women swear by supplements to help them with their symptoms.

Natural remedies like valerian can calm your nervous system, Passiflora has been traditionally used as a nerve tonic and rescue remedies are designed to help out in stressful situations. Check out our nutrition page for more information.

It’s always a good idea to check with your doctor that supplements won’t interfere with your other medicines before you try them out.

CALM DOWN DEAR

There’s nothing more annoying or upsetting than someone telling you to chill out when you feel like you’re wound up like a clock spring.

But the best thing you can do to calm down during an attack is to breathe. You don’t have to blow into a paper bag, anything that will structure and slow your breathing will help. Breathe in for five and out for 10. Simple but incredibly effective.

Hypnotherapy, yoga and meditation will all help you relax and focus on breathing deeply and slowly too.

BURN IT OFF

You may not feel like pulling on your cycling shorts when anxiety strikes – but it could help you enormously.

Exercise uses up nervous energy, helps you sleep, helps regulate your hormones and encourages the beneficial breathing techniques we’ve just talked about. All these things can equal fewer panic attacks.

SEE YOUR DOCTOR

If you’ve tried all of the above and you’re still having regular or severe panic attacks, or you’ve started avoiding certain situations in case you have one, then you may have a panic disorder and need to see your GP.

Your doctor may encourage you to see a mental health therapist or prescribe antidepressants or sedatives. They can also check you over and rule out any heart problems or other physical symptoms worrying you.

TOP TIPS FOR OTHERS

Panic attacks can be a terrifying experience for her – and it can be hard to know what you can do, especially right in the middle of the terror.

Take these suggestions on board, so you feel more equipped to help.

OUR ADVICE TO HER

We’ve recommended that she avoids stimulants like caffeine, stays hydrated and practices good bedtime habits like a bad night’s sleep can lead to a more anxious day.

More info on all of these top tips is on the ‘For her’ section of this page. Take a look.

CREATE BREATHING SPACE

No, we’re not saying leave her alone. We mean actually breathe together.

Slow, deep breaths initiate the parasympathetic nervous system, which is designed to calm us down. It helps a lot during an attack, but taking time together to practice this when she is calm means she’s more likely to naturally practice deep and beneficial breathing.

Yoga and meditation are both great, and there are loads of ‘how-to’ videos online and mindfulness apps like Calm which mean you can practice from the comfort of your living room.

EXERCISE TOGETHER

Regular exercise can help her manage panic attacks during the perimenopause and menopause.

Exercise uses up nervous energy, helps her sleep, regulates her hormones and encourages the beneficial breathing techniques we’ve just talked about. All these things can equal fewer panic attacks.

Partnering up to go for a walk, swim or to the gym is also more likely to help her make exercise a healthy habit.

ASK HER TO EXPLAIN

You may have felt scared before – but have you had a panic attack?

Don’t assume you know what it feels like for her. Gently ask her to explain the effect it is having on her physically and emotionally.

Ask her exactly what you could do to help her generally de-stress but be aware you may not be able to do anything to make her feel better. But she may not want answers, she may just need to talk – and be properly heard. Switch your listening ears on and give her your full attention.

GO WITH THE FLOW

You might notice her panic attacks strike at times when you’ve got plans. Going to social events may feel more stressful than usual, as the pressure of keeping up appearances when you’re not feeling super-anxious is hard work. She may also be scared of having a panic attack – which brings one on.

Be prepared for plans to change at short notice and try not to put her under any pressure, even if it means you are missing out as well.

SUGGEST A SUPPLEMENT

Some women find natural remedies like valerian and passiflora particularly useful for managing this symptom.

Why not gently ask if she’s tried anything like that? Let her know she can find loads of reputable suppliers over on our nutrition page.

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